تأثیر گیاه دارویی جغجغه (Prosopis farcta) بر عملکرد رشد، خصوصیات لاشه و متابولیت‌های خون جوجه‌های گوشتی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ایلام

2 عضو هیأت علمی مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ایلام

3 عضو هیأت علمی موسسه تحقیقات علوم دامی کشور

چکیده

این تحقیق به منظور بررسی تأثیر گیاه دارویی جغجغه (Prosopis farcta) بر عملکرد رشد، خصوصیات لاشه و فراسنجه‌های بیوشیمیایی سرم خون جوجه‌های گوشتی اجراء شد. در این آزمایش، تعداد 288 قطعه جوجه‌گوشتی یک‌روزه مخلوط نر و ماده (سویه راس- 308) با 3 تیمار و 4 تکرار و 24 جوجه در هر تکرار در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی به مدت 49 روز مورد مطالعه قرار گرفتند. جیره‌های غذایی شامل جیره پایه (جیره شاهد) و جیره پایه به علاوه 1 و 2 درصد پودر گیاه کامل جغجغه بودند. نتایج حاصل از این آزمایش نشان دهنده اختلاف معنی‌دار میانگین افزایش وزن روزانه و ضریب تبدیل خوراک میان تیمارهای آزمایشی بود، به طوری که جوجه‌های دریافت کننده جیره حاوی 2 درصد گیاه جغجغه در مقایسه با سایر تیمارها بیشترین ضریب تبدیل غذایی را در پایان دوره پرورش داشتند (01/0P<). با وجود این که میزان خوراک مصرفی روزانه تحت تأثیر استفاده از گیاه جغجغه قرار نگرفت اما درصد تلفات در گروه‌های حاوی گیاه جغجغه به طور معنی‌داری کمتر از گروه شاهد بود (05/0P<). همچنین، سطوح مختلف جغجغه سبب کاهش معنی‌دار مقادیر کلسترول کل و کلسترول LDL سرم خون جوجه‌های گوشتی شد(05/0P<). نتایج آزمایش حاضر نشان می­داد که استفاده از پودر گیاه جغجغه در جیره غذایی جوجه‌‌‌های گوشتی در سطح 1 درصد نه تنها تأثیر سوئی بر عملکرد رشد ندارد، بلکه باعث کاهش کلسترول کل، کلسترول LDL و تلفات نیز می‌شود

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