بررسی اثر ویتامین E و سلنیوم آلی به صورت تزریق داخل تخم مرغ بر عملکرد، درصد زنده مانی و کیفیت گوشت جوجه های گوشتی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

چکیده

به منظور بررسی تأثیر ویتامین E و سلنیوم آلی به صورت تزریق داخل تخم مرغ و مکمل با جیره‌های غذایی بر عملکرد، درصد زنده‌مانی و کیفیت گوشت جوجه‌های گوشتی، در قالب دو آزمایش، به طوری که در آزمایش اول با استفاده از 800 تخم مرغ نطفه‌دار در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با 5 تیمار (تیمار1: کنترل، تیمار2: حاوی محلول نمکی، تیمار 3، 4 و 5 به ترتیب حاوی سلنیوم، ویتامین E و سلنیوم و ویتامین E) و 4 تکرار و 40 عدد تخم مرغ در هر تکرار و در آزمایش دوم بصورت طرح کاملاً تصادفی، با 10 تیمار (جوجه‌های آزمایش اول هر کدام با دو نوع جیره سطوح توصیه شده و بیشتر از توصیه شده سلنیوم و ویتامین E) و 3 تکرار و 15 قطعه جوجه که جمعاً 450 قطعه جوجه حاصل از آزمایش اول اختصاص داده شد. در آزمایش اول نتایج حاصله نشان داد که تزریق داخل تخم مرغی ویتامین E و سلنیوم تأثیری بر درصد زنده‌مانی تخم مرغ‌ها نداشت. در ارتباط با آزمایش دوم نتایج نشان داد، که افزایش وزن، مصرف خوراک و ضریب تبدیل غذایی جوجه‌ها تحت تأثیر سطوح مختلف سلنیوم و ویتامین E قرار نگرفتند. نتایج نشان داد که میزان مالون دی‌آلدئید (شاخص TBARS) و مدت زمان نگهداری در فریزر اختلاف آماری معنی‌داری را در بین تیمارهای مختلف ایجاد کرد (05/0>P). به طوری که با افزایش مدت زمان نگهداری گوشت ظرفیت نگهداری آب و میزان مالون دی‌آلدئید (شاخص TBARS) افزایش یافت (05/0>P).

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


پوررضا، ج.، صادقی، ق. و مهری، م. (1385). تغذیه مرغ. اصفهان: انتشارات ارکان دانش، (ترجمه) 672 ص.

Basmacloglu Malayoglu, H., Ozkan, S., Kocturk, S., Oktay, G. and Ergu,  M.) 2009). Dietary vitamin E(a-tocopheryl acetate) and organic selenium supplementation: performance and antioxidant status of broilers fed n-3 PUFA-enriched feeds. South African Journal of animal Science. 39:274-285.

Ben-gera, I. and Norris, K.H. (1968). Direct Spectrophotometric Determination of Fat and Moisture in Meat Products. Journal of Food Science. 33:64–67.

Biswas, A.K., chatli, M.K., Sahoo, J., Singh, Y., Kumar, S., Siva, S. and Nagra, S. (2009). Effect of dietary selenium on growth performance and meat quality of broiler chicken. Indian Journal of Poultry Science. (abstract).

Bouton, P.E., Harris, P.V. and Shorthose, W.R. (1971). Effect of ultimate pH upon the water holding capacity and tenderness of mutton. Journal of Food Science. 36: 435-439.

Coetzee, G.J.M. and Hoffman, L.C. (2001). Effect of dietary vitamin E on the performance of broilers and quality of broiler meat during refrigerated and frozen storage. South African Journal of animal Science. 31:158-173.

Deniz, G., Gezen, S.S., and Turkmen, I.I. (2005). Effect of two supplement dietary selenium sources (mineral and organic) on broiler performance and drip loss. Revue Medicine Veterinaire. 156: 423-426.

Dlouha, G., Sovefkova, S., Dookoupilova, A., Zita, L., Heindi, J. and Skrivan, M. (2008). Effect of dietary selenium sources on growth performance, breast muscle selenium, glutathione peroxidase activity and oxidative stability in broilers. Czech Journal of animal Science. 53:265-269.

Gor, A. B., and Qureshi, M.A. (1997). Enhancement of humoral and cellular immunity by vitamin E after embryonic exposure. Poultry Science. 76:984-991.

Heindl, J., Ledvinka, Z., Tumova, E. and Zita, L. (2010). The importance, utilization and sources of selenium for poultry: a review. Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica. 41:55-64.

Hosseini Mansoub, N., Chekani-Azar, S., Mizban, S., Hamadani, M., Ahadi, F. and Lotfi, A. (2010). Influence of replacing inorganic by organic selenium source in ration on performance and carcass characteristics of male broilers. Global veterinaria. 4:317-321.

Jeacocke, R.E. (1977). Continuouse measurement of the pH of beef muscle in intact beef carcass. Journal of Food Technology. 12: 375-386.

Jensen, C., Lauridsen, C. and Bertelsen, G. (1998). Dietary vitamin E: quality and storage stability of pork and poultry. Trends in Food Science and Technology. 9:62-72.

Kanchana, G. and Jeyanthi, G.P. (2010). Influence of vitamin E and selenium supplementation on the growth performance and antibody response of layer chick. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. Vi(2)2010.

Karadas, F., Surai, P.F., and Sparks, N.H. (2011). Changes in broiler chick tissue concentrations of lipid- soluble antioxidants immediately post-hatch. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integratie Physiology. 160: 68-71.

Ke, P.J., Ackman, R.G., Linke, B.H. and Nash, D.M. (1977). Differential lipid oxidation productsin various parts of frozen mackerel. Journal of Food Technology. 12:37-47.

Kim, Y.J., Park, W.Y. and Choi, I.H. (2010). Effets of dietary α-tocopherol, selenium, and their different combinations on growth performance and meat quality of broiler chickns. Journal of Poultry Science. 89:603-608.

Lahucky, R., Bahelka, I., Novotna, K. and Vasickova, K. (2005). Effects of dietary vitamin E and vitamin C supplementation on the level of α-tocopherol and L-ascorbic acid in muscle and on the antioxidative status and meat quality of pigs. Czech Journal of Animal Science. 50:175-184.

Lee, S.H., Lillehoj, H.S., Jang, S.I., Jeong, M.S., Xu, S.Z., Kim, J.B. et al. (2014). Effects of in ovo injection with selenium on immune and antioxidant responses during experimental necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens. Poultry Science. 93: 1113–1121.

Macalintal, L.M. (2012). In ovo selenium (Se) injection of incubating chicken eggs: Effects on embryo viability, tissue Se concentration, lipid peroxidation, immune response, and post hatch development. PhD Diss. Animal and Food Sciences, University of Kentucky.

Meir, M. and Ar, A. (1990). Gas pressures in the air cell of the ostrich egg prior to pipping as related to oxygen consumption, eggshell gas conductance, and egg temperature. Condor. 556-563.

Mikulski, D., Jankowski, J., Zdunczyk, Z., Wroblewska, M., Sartowska, K. And Majewska, T. (2009). The effect of selenium source on performance, carcass traits, oxidative status of the organism, and meat quality of turkeys. Journal of Animal and Feed Science. 18:518-530.

National Research Council (1994). Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th edition National Academy Press. Washington. D.C.

Ozkan, S., Basmacioglu, H., yalcin, S., kardas, F., Kocturk, S., cabuk, M. et al. (2007). Dietary vitamin E (a tocopherol acetate) and selenium supplementation from different sources: performance, ascites-related variables and antioxidant status in broilers reared at low and optimum temperatures. British poultry Science. 48:580-593.

Perić, L., Milošević, N., Žikić, D., Kanački, Z., Džinić, N., Nollet, L. and Spring, P. (2009). Effect of selenium sources on performance and meat characteristics of broiler chickens. Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 18:403-409.

Rajupt, A. B., Kolte, B.R., Shisodiya, J.M., Chandankhede, J.M. and Chagande, J.M. (2009). Effect of vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E and levamisole on performance of broilers. Journal of Veterinary World. 6: 225-227.

Sahin, K. and Kucuk, O. (2001). Effects of vitamin E and selenium on performance, digestibility of nutrients, and carcass characteristics of Japanese quails reared under heat stress (34 ̊C). Journal of Animal Physiology and animal nutrition. 85: 342-348.

Salary, J., Sahebi-Ala, F., Kalantar, M. and Hemati Matin, H. (2014). In ovo injection of vitamin E on post-hatch immunological parameters and broiler chicken performance. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. 4: S616-S619.

SAS Institute. 2003. SAS User’s Guide, Version 9.1. SAS Institute,Cary, NC.

Selim, S.A., Gaafar, K.M. and El-Ballal, S.S. (2012). Hnfluence of in-ovo administration with vitamin E and ascorbic acid on the performance of Muscovy ducks. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture. 24:264-271.

Surai, P.F. (2010). Natural antioxidants in poultry nutrition: new developments. In Proceedings of the 16th European symposium on poultry nutrition. 669-675.

Uni, Z. and Ferket, P.R. (2003). Enhancement of development of oviparous species by In Ovo Feeding. U. S. Patent 6,592,878, July 15.

Upton, J.R., F.W. Edens, and P.R. Ferket. (2008). Selenium yeast effect on broiler performance. International Journal of  Poultry Science. 7: 798-805.

Wang, Z.G., Pan, X.J., Peng, Z.Q., Zhao, R.Q. and Zhou, G.H. (2009). Methionine and selenium yeast supplementation of the maternal diets affects color, water holding capacity, and oxidative stability of their male offspring meat at the early stage. Journal of Poultry Science. 88:1096-1101.

Zouari, N., Elgharbi, F., Fakhfakh, N., Bacha, A.B., Gargouri, Y. and Miled, N. (2010). Effect of dietary vitamin E supplementation on lipid and colour stability of chicken thigh meat. African Journal of Biotechnology. 15:2276-2283.