تأثیر سطوح مختلف سیاه دانه و پروتئین جیره بر عملکرد، ترکیب لاشه و فراسنجه ‏های خونی جوجه های گوشتی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته تغذیه دام و طیور، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

2 استاد گروه تغذیه دام و طیور، دانشکده علوم دامی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان.

3 دانشیار گروه تغذیه دام و طیور، دانشکده علوم دامی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

4 استادیار گروه فیزیولوژی دام، دانشکده علوم دامی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

5 استادیار گروه تغذیه دام و طیور، دانشکده علوم دامی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

چکیده

این آزمایش به منظور ارزیابی اثر سطوح مختلف سیاه دانه در دو سطح پروتئین بر عملکرد، ترکیب لاشه و فراسنجه‏های خونی جوجه‏های گوشتی انجام شد. تعداد 336 قطعه جوجه یکروزه تعیین جنسیت نشده سویه راس 308 در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با آرایش فاکتوریل 3×2 با 6 تیمار (3 سطح سیاه دانه (صفر، 1 و 2 درصد) در دو سطح پروتئین (پروتئین متعادل و کم پروتئین))، 4 تکرار و 14 قطعه جوجه در هر تکرار مورد استفاده قرار گرفتند. جیره‏های آزمایشی دارای انرژی قابل سوخت و ساز یکسان و به‏جز پروتئین، حاوی حداقل مقادیر مواد مغذی توصیه شده توسط NRC (1994) بودند. نتایج نشان داد مصرف جیره‏های با سطح پروتئین متعادل نسبت به جیره کم پروتئین باعث بهبود معنی‏دار وزن بدن شد (05/0>P). کاهش سطح پروتئین جیره سبب کاهش پروتئین مصرفی و افزایش نسبت راندمان پروتئین شد (05/0>P). کاهش سطح پروتئین جیره سبب کاهش معنی‏دار درصد لاشه قابل طبخ و ماهیچه سینه شد (05/0>P). غلظت آلبومین سرم با کاهش سطح پروتئین جیره به‏طور معنی‏داری کاهش یافت (05/0>P). افزودن سیاه دانه به جیره کم پروتئین سبب بهبود معنی‏دار وزن بدن، ضریب تبدیل غذایی و نسبت راندمان پروتئین شد به‏گونه‏ای که مقادیر آنها مشابه با جیره با سطح پروتئین متعادل بود (05/0>P). افزودن سیاه دانه به جیره کم پروتئین باعث افزایش درصد ماهیچه ران، سینه، قلب و سنگدان شد بطوریکه از نظر آماری مقدار آنها مشابه با جیره با سطح پروتئین متعادل بود (05/0<P). این نتایج نشان می‏دهد افزودن سیاه دانه به جیره‏های کم پروتئین سبب بهبود عملکرد رشد جوجه‏های گوشتی می‏شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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